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Fundamentals of AWS

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fundamentals of aws

fundamentals of aws

Cloud computing is no longer a new term for people who are in the world of IT. Simply put, cloud computing is when you use the internet for storing and accessing data. Across all industries, cloud computing has become an integral part of businesses. Apart from reducing costs, it improves efficiency, allowing businesses for any number of services or products. With cloud computing, you don’t need to store the data on the hard disk of your personal computer. Instead, your data is stored within the cloud and you can access it from a remote server, whenever you wish to do so. With the advent of cloud computing, AWS has established itself as a top contender in the market.

According to Gartner, by 2020 a corporate “No-Cloud” policy will be as rare as a “no-internet” policy today. Another report by Forbes says that the global spending on public cloud services will grow at a 19.4% CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) from around $70 billion in 2015 to $141 Billion in 2019.

AWS has been ruling over the cloud market in the past few years. These amazing figures show you how cloud services are being used worldwide, eventually depicting how rewarding a career in a cloud platform can be.

Since AWS is a widely adopted cloud platform, the demand for trained AWS professionals is increasing every day. This article will let you know that moving into building a career in this domain can be beneficial and hence looking forward to AWS certification training can be a smart move.

What is AWS?

AWS or Amazon Web Services is the first thing that comes to your mind while you discuss cloud services. As defined by Amazon, “AWS is the world’s most comprehensive and broadly adopted cloud platform, offering over 175 fully-featured services from data centers globally. Millions of customers–including the fastest-growing start-ups, largest enterprises, and leading government agencies–are using AWS to lower costs, become more agile, and innovate faster.”

AWS is a platform that provides cloud computing solutions that are reliable, scalable, flexible, cost-effective, and easy-to-use. Developed in 2002 by Amazon, it is one of the most comprehensive, easy-to-use cloud computing platforms. It is created with a combination of Platform as a Service(PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service(IaaS), and packaged Software as a Service(SaaS).

AWS Key Services

AWS is a platform that provides secure cloud services like computing, power, storage, content delivery, and other functionalities, thereby helping businesses to scale and grow better. The key services provided by AWS are:

  • Storage
  • Compute
  • Database
  • Network and Content Delivery
  • Migration
  • Security and Identity Compliance
  • Messaging
  • Management tools

Let us look at the core components of the AWS cloud related to these services.

The Storage domain includes services that are related to data storage. This allows you to store the data in the cloud and access it whenever you wish to do so. Following are the services provided by AWS cloud regarding storage:

  • Simple Storage Service or S3.
  • AWS Snowball
  • Amazon Glacier
  • Elastic Block Store

The Compute domain is also known as Amazon Cluster, provides services for computing workloads. This includes the following services:

  • Elastic Compute Cloud or EC2
  • Amazon LightSail
  • Elastic BeanStalk
  • Lambda
  • EKS or Elastic Container Service for Kubernetes
  • AWS Autoscaling

The Database domain provides following services that are used for database related workloads:

  • Amazon Aurora
  • Amazon Redshift
  • Amazon DynamoDB
  • Amazon RDS (Relational Database Services)

The Network and Content Delivery has the services for isolation of your network infrastructure and quick delivery of content as well, by caching the data nearer to the user hence providing low latency. The services that come under this roof are as follows:

  • Amazon VPC(Virtual Private Cloud)
  • AWS Direct Connect Service
  • Amazon Route 53
  • AWS CloudFront

The Migration services are used to transfer data physically between your datacenter and AWS. the services coming under this section are:

  • DMS or Database Migration Service
  • SMS or Server Migration Service
  • Snowball

Under the domain Security and Identity Compliance, the services regarding the security of AWS resources and managing authentication, securing identity, and other privacy issues are set. Following services come under this roof:

  • AWS IAM(Identity and Access Management)
  • Certificate Manager
  • Inspector
  • AWS WAF(Web Application Firewall)
  • Shield 
  • Organizations
  • GuardDuty
  • AWS KMS(Key Management Service)

When Messaging is considered, the services that AWS provides are notifications, queues, or email messages. Following are the services that come under this roof:

  • Amazon SQS(Simple Queue Service)
  • Amazon SNS (Simple Notification Service)
  • Amazon Pinpoint

The Management tools envelop the services that are accessed to manage and control other services in AWS. The following services are offered by AWS regarding management:

  • AWS CloudHSM
  • Amazon CloudWatch
  • Amazon CloudTrial

The list above provides an overview of the services offered by AWS. Other services include Mobile services, deployment and development tools, IoT, business productivity, artificial intelligence, Desktop and App Streaming, AR & VR (Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality), Game Development, Customer Engagement, and more.

Companies using AWS

The major companies are utilizing services provided by AWS so as to improve the efficiency and productivity of businesses, and that too in a quick, cost-effective manner. Some of the top companies using AWS are Netflix, Twitch, LinkedIn, Facebook, BBC, Instagram, Pinterest, Smugmug, Dropbox, Etsy, Playfish, Ftopia, Zoopla, Talkbox, Turner Broadcasting, ESPN, and many more.

Applications Of AWS

There are various applications of AWS that are widely used for various computing services like:

  • Application hosting/SaaS hosting.
  • Media Sharing (Audio/Video/Image)
  • Mobile and Social Applications
  • Website hosting
  • Content delivery and media distribution
  • Search engines
  • Social networking
  • Business applications
  • Academic computing
  • Storage, backup, and disaster recovery
  • Development and test environments

AWS Certifications

Now that you know the services offered by AWS and its applications, you might wish to know about a career in AWS. AWS certifications are the most sought-after certifications in the present IT scenario.

fundamentals of aws

fundamentals of aws Source

The image above shows you the different certifications offered by AWS at different levels. The most rewarding certification is AWS Solutions Architect. 

An AWS Solutions Architect is accountable for designing and defining AWS architecture for the systems that already exist, migrating them to cloud architectures, and developing technical courses of action for AWS cloud implementation as well.


Getting certified in AWS can be gratifying as the cloud is the future of the IT world. There are online training institutes to help you with getting certified by providing you the right training, the right way.

So, take a step forward to register yourself, get trained, and certified to land your career in AWS.

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